This report explores why parliaments have come to be marginalised in the PRSP processes. The first part examines whether parliaments should be involved at all in PRSPs. The next part gives part of the PRSP narrative, which is important to understanding the inherent dynamics of PRSP. The last part of this report is the case study of Tanzania that assesses the first PRSP but more importantly investigates whether parliament became more involved in the second round. Concluding its findings, this report argues that there are strong arguments for giving parliaments a say in the pursuit of poverty reduction, although there is no blueprint for how countries are to revise their PRSPs.