Democratic development and human security requires that executive bodies act efficiently and effectively. This requires representation and accountability: two of the core functions of parliaments. Parliaments connect citizens with the state and can hold governments to account for their actions or lack of action. Parliament is a natural place for mediation, where competing points of view can be articulated and where dialogue can build consensus. These core functions are essential in mitigating and resolving human security issues. The effective control and management of Small Arms within the wider SSR agenda should also fall within these responsibilities, and parliaments could have a major impact on assisting government in formulating and then monitoring the small arms control and management policies of the security sector.