The Role of Parliaments in Preventing Armed Violence: Prospects and Challenges - Executive summary

As representatives of the people charged with the mandate to articulate the concerns, fears and aspirations of their constituencies, Parliaments are better placed to obtain information which relates to different dynamics at play in armed violence situations in order to evolve relevant response. Being law makers, Parliamentarians hold the key to enacting strong laws which provide the needed legal regimes to comprehensively tackle the root causes of armed violence in a proactive and preventative way. Furthermore, charged with the responsibility to approve budgets and oversee the implementation of national programs/activities for which money is located, Parliaments are best placed to animate implementation mechanisms. Finally, through their representational role, Parliaments are able to monitor the implementation of the laws and policies enacted to address armed violence using a number of methods including feedback from their constituencies which can then be factored into their oversight activities.

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