Consult the initiatives to advance gender equality in the PALOP and Timor-Leste:
In Angola, the Gender Equality and Gender Equity Policy is based on a vision, values and principles defined by the Constitution of the Republic and in line with the Five-Year Development Plan 2013-2017, as well as the Angola 2025 Medium and Long Term National Plan. The purpose of the policy is to build an Angolan society based on Gender Equity and Equity, which values human and women's rights. A society which respects and encourages positive cultural values, promotes solidarity, non-discrimination and the effective participation of men and women in the spheres of political, public, economic and social life with a view to achieving sustainable development.
The Ministry of Family and the Promotion of Women is the government body responsible for defining and implementing the national policy for the defense and guarantee of women's rights within the family and society in general. Its objectives include: defining strategies, developing policies and programs in the field of women’s empowerment and protection, promoting gender equity in decision-making bodies, promoting the full integration of women into economic, scientific, professional, cultural and social life; to sensitize local State bodies to equip themselves with skills to deal with family and women issues, using the necessary financial and human resources. The Ministry also represents the Executive in conferences, seminars and other meetings where regional and international organizations are present.
In the parliament, there is no specific committee on gender issues. The Network of Women Parliamentarians of Angola was established in 1995 and is made up of all the Members in office, irrespective of the political force they represent, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly. At the 3rd Legislature, specifically in 2015, women parliamentarians elected the 7th new direction of the Network.
Cabo Verde has committed to advance and implement gender equality through various international and national instruments. The Government includes among its objectives to place Cabo Verde as an example of gender equality and social inclusion at a global scale. Among other instruments, the National Plan for Gender Equality (PNIG) and the National Plan to Combat Gender-Based Violence (PNVBG) provide the government with a framework for the formulation and implementation of strategic policies, programs, both specific and transversal, that contribute to promote equal rights, duties and opportunities for men and women. The goal is to implement an effective and visible participation of women in all areas of social life, advancing their empowerment de facto.
In Guinea-Bissau equality between men and women is specifically enshrined in the Constitution. The National Policy for the Promotion of Gender Equality and Equity (PNIEG) aims at transforming the existing political will into a real commitment on the part of the State and of the population; and the creation of a framework of coordination and coordination necessary for the profitability and development of actions in favor of gender equality. The policy was reviewed in 2016 (PNIEG II) and has an Action Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality and Equity for the period 2016-2025. The country also has a National Plan of Action for Prevention, Protection and Fight against Gender-based Violence.
The Ministry of Women, Family and Social Cohesion is the government body responsible for formulating, proposing, coordinating and implementing the Government's policy in order to promote integration and social cohesion, the protection of women, families and the reduction of poverty. The Institute for Women and Children (IMC), was created in 2001 under the Ministry's mandate to improve the performance of government intervention in this area.
At parliamentary level, there is the Permanent Specialized Commission for Women and Children (7th CEP). The Network of Women Parliamentarians of Guinea Bissau is a Parliamentary Institution made up of all female Members of the Parliament of Guinea-Bissau. In 2014, 14 female MPs were elected.
Technical Assistance on Gender-Responsive Budgeting, under the auspices of the National Assembly of Guinea-Bissau
The Network of Women Parliamentarians of Guinea-Bissau organized, from April 21 to 22, 2017, a workshop on Gender Responsive Budgeting, under the auspices of the National Assembly of Guinea-Bissau and with the support technical and financial support of Pro PALOP-TL SAI.
The aim was to sensitize MEPs, parliamentarians and other national partners on current gender challenges, in particular in the area of gender budgeting, by introducing the basic concepts and tools of gender budgeting for the monitoring and oversight of public expenditure. On the other hand, it was intended to analyze the role of Parliament in the context of Guinea-Bissau's budget cycle and, according to the evaluation outcome, formulate the proposals for the analysis of the budget with a focus on gender.
São Tomé and Príncipe adopted a National Strategy for Gender Equality and Equity from 2013 until 2017, structured around five Strategic Guidelines:
(1) Economic promotion of women in rural and urban environments;
(2) Promotion of equality and equity in education and training;
(3) Improvement of reproductive health and sexual health status among adolescent girls and women;
(4) Strengthening the implementation of women's rights and participation in decision-making; and
(5) Strengthening the capacity of intervention of institutional mechanisms in favor of gender equality.
In São Tomé and Príncipe, the National Institute for the Promotion of Gender Equity (INPG) was created in 2007, which acts as the national mechanism responsible for promoting gender equality and equity, and implementing the National Strategy for Gender Equity and Equity. The INPG is under the supervision of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs.
At the parliamentary level, the First Committee on Political, Legal, Constitutional, Human Rights, Gender, Social Communication and Internal Affairs is the committee with responsibility for gender issues. In the parliamentary sphere, the Network of Women Parliamentarian, created in the IX Legislature, has the following objectives: to monitor the implementation of public policies in the perspective of gender equality and equity and to advocate and lobby for increased representation and active participation of women in political life and in decision-making. The Network currently has 15 MPS.
The Network of Women Parliamentarians of São Tomé and Príncipe organized, from 23 to 24 May 2017, a workshop on budget oversight from a gender perspective, under the auspices of the National Assembly of São Tomé and Príncipe and the technical and financial support of Pro PALOP-TL ISC. This workshop aimed at strengthening the capacity of MPs of the Network, parliamentarians and parliamentary staff of the National Assembly to monitor and control public expenditure.
The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution of Mozambique. Other laws also include important commitments to gender equality. The Mozambican Government's Five-Year Program for the period 2015-2019 includes one of its strategic objectives to promote gender equality and equity in various spheres for economic, social, political and cultural development. For the period 2016-2020 the country has a National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women (PNAM) and a National Plan for the Prevention and Combat of Violence against Women.
In 2000, the Ministry of Women and Coordination of Social Action (MMCAS) was created, currently designated Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Action (MGCMAS), responsible for introducing the gender dimension in sectoral policies.
At a parliamentary level, there is the Permanent Specialized Committee on Social Affairs, Gender and Technology and Social Communication (3rd CEP). The Parliamentary Women's Bureau was set up by resolution (resolution 33/2005 of 19 December) with the aim of "improving the performance of women parliamentarians through the promotion of gender equity and cooperation between their counterpart organizations".
A training seminar on budget oversight from a gender perspective was organized in Marracuane from July 26 to 27 for CSOs working in civic monitoring of public expenditure, Parliamentarians and Parliamentary experts, Government institutions and international partners working to promote gender equality, including the Delegation of the European Union and UN Women. The aim of the seminar was to strengthen the participants’ knowledge on how to influence the integration of a gender perspective throughout the budget cycle and oversee public expenditure in regards to the implementation of gender equality policies in Mozambique.
The Constitution of Timor-Leste establishes that men and women should be treated equally in all aspects of life. The Constitution also guarantees protection against discrimination based on sex, and equal rights and obligations in family, political, economic, social and cultural affairs. Gender equality is one of the axes of the Government Program defined as a cross-cutting issue, since the treatment of gender equality is a task for the entire Government that requires collaboration and cohesion between the security, health and education sectors, The Civil Service Commission, the judiciary and other ministries and institutions. The Government will ensure that gender equality will be present in initiatives, meetings and planning throughout government administration and will continue to enhance its commitment to gender equality in all walks of life. The Integrated Gender Approach initiative results in the Strategic Plan of the State Secretariat for the Promotion of Women 2012-2017.
At the parliamentary level, there is the Permanent Specialized Commission on Health, Education and Culture, Veterans and Gender Equality. The Network of Women Parliamentarians (GMPTL) was constituted in the First Legislature, in 2006, as per invitation of the CPLP Women's Parliamentary Group. In 2007, the GMPTL further expanded its role and mandate. The goals of the network are: promote activities that can enhance women's abilities to represent and participate in national political life; to promote meetings with the purpose of exchanging experiences and best practices on issues related to the promotion of gender equality and on combating discrimination and inequality, as well as promoting cooperation with Networks of Women Parliamentarians of the Member States of CPLP, as well as other networks.