Global Sustainable Development Report: A Consultative Process
The first Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR) to be published in 2019 will consolidate lessons learned from the four years since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is a crucial component of the continuous review process that accompanies the Agenda 2030.
The SDGs were adopted, as an integral part of the ‘Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’, by all 193 Member States of the United Nations on 25 September 2015. Relying on lessons learned from the Millennium Development Goals (implemented from 2000-2015), the SDGs define global, long-term development objectives to establish more sustainable means of economic, environmental and social development in all countries. These new global goals, collectively referred to as Agenda 2030, came into force on 1 January 2016 and have a target date for achievement in 2030.
Agenda 2030 represents a departure from the top-down, internationally driven approach to development that characterized the MDGs, and focuses instead on the localization of globally defined goals. During the three-year participatory consultation period which led up to the adoption of the SDGs, a wide range of stakeholders were solicited for input on their priorities for action. Contributions from United Nations Member States, parliaments, civil society, the private sector and the public at large informed the seventeen overarching SDGs to be adapted to the local context of each country. During the three-year consultation period, almost 10 million people voted on their priority areas for action through the online platform www.myworld2015.org.
Based on domestic priorities, countries translate the globally defined goals, targets and indicators into their own national actions to guide their SDG process. Grounded in a national context, the latter allow for a more efficient implementation—including parliamentary law-making—as well as robust monitoring—including parliamentary oversight. Assessments against national baselines and targets can then feed back into global monitoring systems to allow for a consolidation of local information and lessons learned.
Parliamentarians actively participated in the development of Agenda 2030; currently, their engagement is also key to the effective implementation of the SDGs at a local level. Based on lessons learned from the MDGs, the Agenda 2030 Declaration recognizes the “essential role of national parliaments through their enactment of legislation and adoption of budgets, and their role in ensuring accountability for the effective implementation of our commitments.” Through their constitutional mandate and responsibility, parliamentarians are uniquely positioned to ensure that their countries’ development policy and practice include the voices and respond to the needs of all segments of society.
As part of the review process, Global Sustainable Development Reports are drafted every four years by an independent group of scientists (IGS), supported by a task team of six UN-system agencies. The results are used to inform the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) that adopts political decisions negotiated by the international community. As part of the ongoing scientific dialogue underpinning the report, the IGS is launching a call for inputs to give voice to diverse stakeholders from “scientific and non-scientific communities, from developed and developing countries and regions, in the form of publications supported by short abstracts or descriptions of case studies.” The review process represents a continuation of the inclusive consultations that guided the formulation of the SDGs.
To learn more about the GSDR 2019, please refer to:
Global Sustainable Development Report 2019 [https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/globalsdreport/2019]
Annex: Global Sustainable Development Report: scope, frequency, methodology and relationship with the Sustainable Development Goals progress report
See also the Parliament's Role in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals: a Parliamentary Handbook [https://www.agora-parl.org/resources/library/parliaments-role-implementi...