The most used definition to sustainable development appeared in 1987 in the World Commission on Environment and Development’s (the Brundtland Commission) report “Our Common Future”.
"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
It contains within it two key concepts:
• the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and
• the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."
How well humanity will meet the needs of the future depends on the balance of 3 main objectives/needs: social, economic, environmental when making decisions today.
Sustainable development constantly seeks to achieve social and economic progress in ways that will not exhaust the earth’s finite natural resources. The needs of the world today are real and immediate, yet it’s necessary to develop ways to meet these needs that do not disregard the future. The capacity of our ecosystem is not limitless, meaning that future generations may not be able to meet their needs the way we are able to now. SD might include a need to change the way people work and live now, but this doesn't mean the quality of life will be reduced.
The way development is approached affects everyone. The impacts of decisions as a society have very real consequences for people's lives that’s why it’s a role of parliament and MPs to introduce smart decisions for development.
Poor planning of communities, for example, reduces the quality of life for the people who live in them. Often implementation of sustainable development practices may show significant effect on the quality of live in the present, as in the case with renewable energy.
FOR EXAMPLE, SOLAR ENERGY
The greatest advantages of solar energy are that it is completely free and is available in a limitless supply. Both of these factors provide a huge benefit to consumers and help reduce pollution. Replacing non-renewable energy with this type of energy is both environmentally and financially effective.
You can read more about parliamentary action on renewable energy here.
Sustainable development represents a very important part of the international development agenda. That’s why United Nations in consultancy with governments, NGOs, private sector and representatives of civil society introduces a solution to global challenges resulting in 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) and 169 targets to achieve by 2030.