Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in developing countries (REDD+) is an international mechanism that creates an incentive for developing countries to better protect, manage and wisely use their forestry resources, as a contribution to the global fight against climate change. By creating a financial value for carbon stored in standing forests, REDD+ concerns deforestation and forest degradation, and also includes conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
While an agreement was reached in Cancun at the Conference of the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2010, a full-fledged REDD+ mechanism is still to be put in place, and activities to date relate to developing countries’ preparation to such mechanism, i.e. capacity- and policy-building efforts generally known as “REDD+ readiness”. The next phase, in which payments are made for verified reduction and removal of emissions, can promote low-carbon, climate-resilient development.
The REDD+ Programme
The UN-REDD Programme is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP that seeks to support countries in preparing for the REDD+ mechanism. The UN-REDD Programme web site (www.un-redd.org) provides access to national UN-REDD programmes documents for the countries currently implementing such programmes, i.e. Bolivia, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Indonesia, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Tanzania, Viet Nam, Congo, Sri Lanka and Zambia.
Parliaments will be key actors in national REDD+ processes. They will be involved in projects and activities related to building credible, inclusive national governance systems for REDD+ implementation. Parliaments will develop laws and legal frameworks that will govern the way countries manage their forest. They will also adopt and scrutinise the REDD+ budgets for the process, and ensure that anti-corruption measures are built in national REDD+ systems. By doing so, parliaments can help promote the transparent, equitable and accountable management of the REDD+ funds in their countries.