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The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development explicitly recognizes the central role of national parliaments in ensuring an enabling legal and budgetary environment and in fostering accountability for the effective implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),1 such as by promoting inclusive national and subnational reviews of progress.2

Acknowledging the valuable contribution of parliaments to the implementation and follow-up of the 2030 Agenda, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) initiated an extensive multi-country review of parliamentary practices towards the achievement of the SDGs, as well as related success stories and lessons learned. This review focused on the following aspects:

  • Institutionalized (and, if applicable, ad hoc or informal) practices that mainstream the SDGs as a framework into the core functions of parliament
  • Measures that ensure that the voices of underrepresented, marginalized and vulnerable groups are taken into account in the implementation of the SDGs
  • Methods and actions that improve access to health-care services and address barriers to access to health
  • Measures that strengthen the response to climate change, including green and carbon- neutral development, and renewable energy The IPU review built on two previous surveys – Institutionalization of the SDGs in the work of parliaments (2018) and Parliamentary practices to advance the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (2021) – plus information provided by parliaments about their practices in advancing the implementation of the SDGs during the First Global Parliamentary Meeting on Achieving the SDGs (virtual event, 28–30 September 2021).