Corruption defined as the abuse of public office for private gain is a clear threat to development, democracy and international security. It distorts economic development and subverts political decision-making, stunting growth and creating political instability. It also distorts the proper functioning of democratic institutions.
Active, well-managed parliaments, chosen through open and competitive elections and provided with significant institutional capacity, can build accountability, promote the rule of law and and help curb corruption. This digest demonstrates how good governance and the rule of law can help curb corruption. It begins with an overview of corruption indicators in the Arab region and concludes with a list of parliamentary action points for curbing corruption. A number of case studies from the Arab States are presented to highlight current achievements and action points undertaken by the their respective legislature.