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How can executive agencies in developing countries implement international conventions against corruption? This paper looks at the legal issues presented by the Council of Europe, United Nations and OECD conventions against corruption; as well as the choices which executive agencies in developing countries have in helping to implement these conventions. Furthermore, this paper looks at potential obligations and provides a simple legal/administrative test for corruption. Finally, the paper discusses mechanisms for financing anti-corruption work, the conduct of tests and the optimal fine to apply.

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